Kuşadası Turkey is a holiday resort on the Aegean coast in the Aydın Province. Kuşadası is 95 kilometers or 59 miles to the south of the region’s largest metropolitan center of İzmir. Flights into Kuşadası are to either Adnan Menderes Airport near İzmir or to Bodrum-Milas Airport near Bodrum. The city sits on a bay in the Aegean Sea with the peninsula of Güvercin Adası protruding out into the sea at one end, and the mountain of Kaz Dağı behind. Kuşadası caters to holiday tourists arriving by land, airlines and at the port for cruise ship passengers heading to Ephesus on luxury cruise ship liners. Large cruise ships like the Grand Princess dock a port of call in Kuşadası along with other cruise ships. There are several beaches including Ladies Beach, Green Beach, Long Beach, Town Beach as well as several other beaches at National Park Beach which is 30 kilometers or 19 miles south of Kuşadası towards the end of Kuşadası Bay on the Dilek Peninsula.
The area has been a center of art and culture since antiquity and has been occupied by many civilizations since being founded by the Leleges people in 3000 BC. Later settlers include the Aeolians in the 11th century BC and Ionians in the 9th century. From 1086 the area came under Turkish control and the Aegean ports became the final destination of caravan routes to the Orient. However this arrangement was overthrown by the Crusades and the coast again came under Byzantine control until 1280 when first the Menteşe and then the Aydınoğlu Anatolian beyliks took control. Kuşadası was brought into the Ottoman Empire by Mehmet I in 1413. The Ottomans built the city walls and the caravanserai that still stand today.
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