Holiday Resort of Kuşadası – Turkiye
On the west coast of Turkey sits the the Aegean port city of Kuşadası. Lying 90 kilometers south of Izmir, Kuşadası is a highly popular tourist destination. Being close to important historical sites such as Ephesus, Didyma, Priene, and Miletos as well as being the port where numerous cruise ships visit each year. The part of the Aegean where Kuşadası is located always had the right conditions for the establishment of cities historically, due to its climate, geography, and the numerous natural harbors. The problem these cities eventually faced was the silting up of these harbors causing a receding coastline. This occurred because of the continual deposits of sediment from two rivers which flow towards the coastline. On the other hand, the soil deposited by these rivers created exceptional conditions for the cultivation of tobacco, sesame and grains by using numerous types of irrigation.Kuşadası enjoys a typical Mediterranean climate with hot summers and fairly mild winters, allowing for an extended tourist season. Kuşadası basks in sunshine for approximately 300 days of the year. Beautiful sandy beaches with warm clear waters draw large scale tourism, which in addition to windsurfing, scuba diving and sailing make Kuşadası an ideal holiday resort destination. In the evenings the cafes and restaurants along the palm-lined waterside boulevard provide tourists with the perfect holiday ambiance. The restaurants offer a variety of fresh seafood and local cuisine and the numerous bars and night clubs provide a varied nightlife.
A small island, connected to the mainland by a causeway was used in antiquity as the location for a fortress. Kuşadası was founded by the Venetians in the sixteenth century and during the Middle Ages the city was ruled by Venetians and Genoese and was called Scala Nova. Pigeon Island – (Turkish: Güvercin Ada) offers visitors the chance to see the Byzantine ruins of a castle and a beautiful panorama of the city of Kuşadası. Originally the island was called Kuş Adasi (English: Bird Island), but when the Ottomans renamed the city Kuşadası, the island was renamed Pigeon Island. The historical sites of Ephesus and Miletus are also a big part of the history of the area and attract hordes of visitors each year.Since the late 1970’s the population of Kusadasi has grown extensively from 6,000 to about 50,000 residents. This number usually doubles during the tourist season when Kuşadası swells from Turkish and European tourists, cruise ship passengers, as well as European and Turkish property owners visiting their holiday homes. The ancient fortress ruins and its gates are testimony to the importance of the city of Kuşadası in antiquity. Nowadays the life in Kuşadası centers around the old houses on narrow streets lined with modern restaurants and street bars (Turkish: Barlar Sokak) where holiday visitors go for the restaurants and evening entertainment. There are bars and restaurants in the Kuşadası hotels, but the nightlife is concentrated in the historical center with narrow streets near Hayrettin Barbaros Bulvari and Saglik Sokak. Everything from Irish pubs to places like Caravanserai Club with its traditional Turkish ambience are to be found in this area.
Strolling along Liman Caddesi will bring you to a corner where to the left you’ll find the main street of Atatürk Bulvari, which runs along the coast of Kusadasi. Not far down Atatürk Bulvari and off to the right is a wide pedestrian street called Barbaros Hayrettin Bulvari which runs alongside the Caravanserai. Walking along this pedestrian street away from the water the Kale district is visible to the left. The Kale district features numerous traditional houses that have been converted into restaurants and bars. At the end of Barbaros Hayrettin Bulvari and to the right is where most of the best pensions are located among the more traditional old houses. Bar street (Turkish: Barlar Sokak) has a large metal sign over the street entrance identifying it – not neccessary as you can hear the loud music emanating from the bars. Bar Street in Kuşadası offers several kinds of bars that play various types of euro-techno and house music. These places are where most of the party crowd goes in the evening and it can be rather loud, so if you want a quiet nights sleep or a more traditional Turkish evening, the Kale district is a better place where you can have an enjoyable conversation over a beer and more laid-back evening.
Getting to Kuşadası by air is accomplished via Adnan Menderes Airport near Izmir about 80 kilometers from Kuşadası. From Adnan Menderes Airport visitors can take a taxi to the main bus station (Turkish: Otogar) in Izmir and then take a bus to Kuşadası. These depart every thirty minutes and run from 06:30 AM to 23:30 PM. Or take a taxi directly to Kuşadası, which will be quicker, but costs more than the bus. Most hotels in Kuşadası also offer airport transfers from Adnan Menderes Airport, but these should be arranged in advance when you book accommodation. Car rentals can also be used to get to Kuşadası from the airport, but it is wise to arrange this in advance. From Bodrum-Milas Airport, about 130 kilometers from Kuşadası, you can get a shuttle or taxi to Bodrum’s bus station, then take a bus to Kuşadası – the buses depart every two hours. Taking a taxi to Kuşadası from Bodrum takes about two hours but costs more. Car rental is also available at the Bodrum-Milas Airport and again it is wise to arrange it in advance. If you do drive to Kuşadası there are several car parks including the covered car park on Inonü Bulvari and an open car park on Atatürk Bulvari, as well as numerous smaller car parks operated in and around the center of Kuşadası.
The Kuşadası bus station (Turkish: Otogar) lies a kilometer away from the center of the city on the ring road running from Izmir to Soke. By bus you can travel to or arrive from any major city in Turkey. At the bus station visitors will find numerous kiosks operated by the various intra-city bus companies. The bus ride from nearby Izmir takes about one hour and then from the bus station take a taxi or a mini-bus (Turkish: dolmuş) into town. Ferries to and from Samos, Greece operate twice daily from April through October every year – one in the morning and one in the afternoon. The Kuşadası Ferry Port is in the heart of Kuşadası on Port Street (Turkish: Liman Caddesi). Just across from the Kuşadası Ferry Port is the Tourism Information Office (Phone: 0 256 614 1103) where visitors can get a city map and a list of over 400 hotels and pansiyons in the Kuşadası area. Kuşadası has two of the largest waterparks in Turkey, Adaland and Aqua Fantasy. They’re both located on the coast side of the road between Kuşadası and Selçuk. Both of these water parks have a variety of water slides and other means of getting wet and having fun. You can go to either of these water parks by taking a mini-bus (Turkish: dolmuş) traveling between Kuşadasi and Selçuk.