Agricultural technology for growing garden strawberries

agricultural technology for growing garden strawberries Blog

Growing garden strawberries in the country for 12 years, I have tested several dozen varieties of domestic and foreign selection. Due to the fact that the area of ​​my garden was very small – only 3 acres, I opted for new large-fruited high-yielding varieties – Bogota, Gigantella, Geneva, Elvira, Mashenka, etc., which I tested for 8 years. From the very beginning, there were some mistakes. Such mistakes, apparently, are made by many, because I often hear from gardeners complaints about these varieties that the berries are large, but the yield in the open field is low.

protects berries from pollution, and in winter from freezing. In addition, mulch prevents the roots of varieties such as Bogota and Gigantella, which grow in one place for up to 8 years, from exposing their roots.

During the test, these varieties amazed me with their winter hardiness, did not freeze even in snowless, harsh winters outdoors (but with mulching), high yields (up to 2-2.5 kg per bush), but most importantly, resistance to pests and diseases ( especially gray rot), which made it possible to cultivate in the country without pesticides. The quality of strawberries in all of these varieties is excellent – large, healthy, excellent taste and good transportability.

Planting garden strawberries

planting strawberries

Strawberry varieties require free planting according to the 60×60 scheme, and it is better if you have enough land, 75×75, since the diameter of a two-year-old bush is already 60 cm.For a bush, dig a hole 30x30x30 cm, fill with vegetable or well-rotted (at least 3 years old) manure. Add 1 teaspoon of complete complex fertilizer (nitroammofosk, ammofoskamide, etc.) to the planting hole, 1-2 liters of fermented organic matter (bird droppings 1:20 or mullein 1:10), 2 liters of 0.02% potassium permanganate (dark – raspberry color). Mix all this thoroughly. Plant the bush so that the heart is at the level of the soil. It is imperative to mulch the soil around the bush by 5-6 cm so that a funnel of mulch forms, especially during autumn planting.

The main dressing should be carried out 3 times per season: 1st – in early spring after the snow melts and pruning of old leaves, 2nd – before flowering during budding (peduncle protrusion), 3rd – immediately after harvesting and trimming the leaves. These 3 dressings should be carried out according to the following scheme: first, sprinkle wood ash 2-3 glasses around the bush, followed by watering. After 2-4 days – a solution of a complete complex mineral fertilizer, 1 tbsp. spoon for 10 liters of water, 3-4 liters per bush. After another 2-4 days – liquid organic fertilizer (mullein 1:10 or bird droppings 1:20 diluted with water). After these dressings, mulch the soil around the bush.

When planting garden strawberries in the open field in spring, it is necessary to start feeding in a week according to the described scheme, but in a half dose. All large-fruited remontant varieties require a 4th additional feeding before re-flowering in August. But I feed the beardless small-fruited varieties of remontant strawberries with liquid mineral fertilizer with microelements (100 g per 10 liters of water), I feed the whole season in the country after 2 weeks, 0.2 liters under a bush. With this care, the berries are quite large and the yield is always high.

For reproduction, I take a mustache from one or two-year-old bushes, and pinch their peduncles. I set aside the first outlet so that the bush does not deplete and give more standard full-fledged sockets.

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