Angelonia: growing and caring for flowers from seeds

angelonia growing and caring for flowers from seeds Blog
Angelonia

Angelonia (Summer snapdragon) is a beautiful flower that has been cultivated less than 30 years ago, but is already very popular in the USA and Mexico, where new varieties and hybrids have been bred. He won the love of gardeners for the beauty and tenderness of the flower, unpretentious disposition and long colorful flowering.

Angelonia is a genus of plants related to Snapdragon. According to the modern classification, both of these genera belong to the Plantain family. Angelonia has more than 30 species, but one species is used for breeding – Angelonia angustifolia. At home in Mexico, as well as Latin America, these are perennial herbaceous plants, as well as subshrubs with hard foliage, well adapted to arid climates. If you rub the foliage, you can feel the pleasant aroma of an apple. But in our latitudes, winters are too severe, and even with very good shelter, the bushes stop developing and gradually disappear. Therefore, they are grown as flyers.

Varieties of Angelonia

Angelonia hybrids are grouped into varieties:

– Serena – a series of varieties and hybrids 55-60 cm high with blue, purple, pink, purple and white flowers in the inflorescence;

Angelonia

– Serenita – undersized group with flowers from white to raspberry and soft coral;

– Sungelonia – a variety with bushes up to 40 cm, blue and bright pink inflorescences.

The still non-flowering bush looks very decorative because of the elongated opposite leaves, the expressive and neat shape of the shoots, which are surprisingly harmoniously related to each other.

Characteristics of the Angelonia flower

Angelonia

Separate flowers of Angelonia are collected in erect inflorescences – brushes, otherwise they are called inflorescences-ears, sepals are open, five-petal. They differ from the usual Snapdragon in fully opened flowers. Angelonia resemble orchids , but smaller and with numerous flowers. Sometimes you can hear another name for Angelonia – “poor orchid.”

How to grow Angelonia on your site

Angelonia

The easiest way to propagate this plant and get it on your site is to sow the purchased seeds. They are small, like petunia seeds, and therefore do not need to be buried in the ground; they require full lighting for germination. Sowing is best done at home – in containers or a special plastic greenhouse in advance, and when the threat of frost has passed, transfer to beds or plant in separate deep containers and take out to a loggia or balcony.

In addition to sowing seeds, Angelonia can be propagated using cuttings. To do this, you need to cut off the upper third of the shoot without peduncles and put it on root in a jar of water. Within 7-14 days, the shoot will give roots and can be planted on the site.

Soil for sowing Angelonia

The substrate for sowing Angelonia should be light and permeable, with a neutral reaction of the environment. For the soil mixture, it is preferable to take 3 parts of garden soil, add one part of coarse clean sand and one part of peat, mix well. For sowing Angelonia, a soil layer of 4-5 cm is sufficient. The soil is shed with boiling water for disinfection, then allowed to cool and 1 tablet of Gliocladin is added, digging it to a depth of 1 cm. This will protect young seedlings from root rot.

How to sow Angelonia seeds

The sowing of Angelonia seeds is started simultaneously with the sowing of tomatoes , peppers and eggplants – around February-March. In containers, places for seeds are barely marked at a distance of 1.5 x 1.5 or 2 x 2 cm, making indentations of 1-2 mm in wet soil with the blunt edge of a pencil or pen. Seeds are placed in these dents, but they are not covered with soil. The container is covered with a film or a special lid and cleaned in a warm place with a constant air temperature of 23-25 ​​° C and lighting for at least 10 hours. As soon as the first seedlings appear, the film or cover is removed, and the temperature is reduced to 20-22 ° C. When two true leaves of Angelonia appear, it is necessary to plant them in deeper containers – better individual ones.

Caring for Angelonia outdoors

Angelonia

When planting in open ground, you should choose the most sunny, well-warmed areas, then the flower stalks will form strong, and the flowers will have a rich color. The feeding area of ​​one bush should not be less than 900 or 1600 cm 2 , which corresponds to planting patterns of 30×30 or 40×40 cm. Plants do not need to create grooves, they need an individual hole, but the bushes do not tolerate deepening. During the rooting period, watering should be sufficient. When the plant is fully accustomed to the new conditions, watering can be reduced, and at the end of summer it can be stopped altogether.

During the summer, Angelonia needs 3-4 top dressings, top dressing with humin-based fertilizers gives good results. With thickened plantings, the development of a fungal disease is possible – powdery mildew, which manifests itself in the form of a white flour coating on the leaves. If this disease occurs, the plants must be sprayed with Alirin B – this is a modern biological agent that is not dangerous to humans and the environment. Fertilizing plants with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers increases the resistance of plants to fungal diseases.

An important feature of the plant: pruning peduncles stimulates the growth of new shoots that will soon bloom, so they can be cut in the winter and transferred to the house, where they will delight with flowers in the winter months.

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