With the onset of autumn, gardeners and vegetable gardeners have work to do to prepare the garden and vegetable garden for winter. Many things need to be done:
- Harvesting crops from trees
- Gather vegetables from beds into storage
- Prepare trees and shrubs for winter
- Whitewashing trees
- Protection against insects and rodents
The most important things you must do in autumn in the garden
Winter is always unpredictable, but we can do our best to protect the garden from frosts and pests during the winter.
SEPTEMBER IS HERE, IT’S TIME TO START. SO, LET’S START WITH THE ORDER.
Harvesting of beds
Potatoes. Autumn work in September begins with the collection of potatoes. All varieties should be removed before the rainy season, because the wet harvest will not be stored. As soon as the haulm is dry, begin digging.
It is most convenient to pour the dug out potatoes under a shed (shed, garage) and dry for a few days. During this time, small traumatized areas will heal, the skin will get stronger, and sick and rotten ones can be easily picked.
When harvesting, sort the seed potatoes immediately to keep them in the light for a while. The greened seeds store better and are not affected by fungal infections.
The rest of the potatoes are put away immediately in a dark cellar or in any place that is closed to light. In no case do not allow it to turn green, because the tubers become poisonous.
Carrots. It is best to harvest carrots in the first three weeks of September, before the first frost in dry weather. The lower leaves turn yellow. The yellowing of the middle leaves indicates that the harvesting date has been delayed, if it is not a consequence of disease.
To check, dig up a few root crops, if they show white roots, the carrots are ready for harvesting. If cracks are found on one of them, it is important to harvest the entire crop as quickly as possible.
Harvesting the trees
We recommend that you always start by harvesting the fruit trees. It is required to harvest all apples and pears. The exception is late varieties of apples, which ripen in late September, October and November. Do not forget any fruit on the trees, even if not fit for consumption. There may be pests left in them, which can breed and cause damage to the tree. Collect all the fallen fruit and throw it away on a compost heap or in the garbage. Most importantly, don’t leave apples and pears on or around trees!
Why do I have to harvest my crops on time? Experienced gardeners have the following answer to this question: fruits ripen until a certain period, then if they are not removed in time, they only interfere with the trees preparing for winter. They will not become tastier! Next comes the work of harvesting shrubs. As with fruit trees, the procedure is similar. It is necessary to collect all berries, remove the crumbled fruits.
Pruning plants in autumn
In the autumn, it is obligatory to prune berry bushes. Remove dry branches on currants, gooseberries, raspberries. As a rule, old branches are pruned, remove diseased and dried out. All pruned branches are better to burn. The ash will go to fertilize and fertilize the soil.
Trees are not trimmed in autumn so as not to freeze the cut edges of branches. This work is carried out in spring, with a small exception: when it is still necessary to cut damaged branches, sick or infected branches. Pruning is done with a margin of 3-4 cm from the usual cutting place.
Pruning and covering flowers
It is also worth taking care of perennial flowers in autumn. Dried out shrubs should be cut back and burnt. Take great care when over-wintering flowers such as roses. Many varieties will not survive the winter if they are not fully covered. Sprinkle the rhizome with sawdust or spruce wood. Also, do not forget to treat roses with an antiseptic in September.
The next step in September’s garden work is to apply fertilizer. It is obligatory to abundantly feed your trees and plants before winter. It is not necessary to say much about the useful properties of fertilizers, because everyone knows about it, but still we can remind you. Our garden is a living organism that needs nutrients and trace elements. Fertilizers can help provide all this. All the benefits we will see next season, in the form of healthy wood and root systems.
AND MOST IMPORTANTLY, A GOOD HARVEST!
Fertilizers are plentiful. They come in liquid and dry, organic or artificial. Dry fertilizers are distributed throughout the entire rootstock circle, then the soil is evenly reconsolidated and loosened a little. Experienced gardeners advise adding fertilizer around trees and shrubs in small holes. The depth of the holes is no more than 30 cm. Around the tree about 5 holes, no more is necessary. For shrubs, 2-3 pieces will do.
Immediately after fertilizing trees with dry fertilizer, you should water them liberally because the fertilizer can take a long time to reach the plant’s root system. Fertilizer particles such as phosphorus and potassium are very slowly absorbed by the necessary root system. Also a good fertilizer for plants would be ash. Ash is a very good acidifier, it can be useful for acidic soil. The acidity of the soil should be checked regularly, since chemical fertilizers can oxidize it.
Watering Plants and Shrubs
Water the soil of the garden and vegetable garden in autumn with care. Watering heavily and abundantly can have unpleasant consequences, such as the formation of new shoots on trees. Also on trees strongly accumulated in moisture, in winter, the bark can burst – this is called frostbite. The exception to the restriction of watering in autumn, is hot and dry weather. Of course, in such a case, it is worth watering the plants.
Before the onset of frost, the soil around shrubs and trees is recommended to be well watered to keep warm. Wet soil does a great job of keeping the positive temperature under the frozen layer of soil. Dried soil easily lets air in and can cause the root system to cool.
The soil around trees and shrubs should also be prepared for winter. Heavily compacted soil will impede the passage of air to the roots. Oxygen is essential for root growth, fertilizer and nutrient absorption. If there is not enough air, the plant can die due to disease or loss of energy needed to fight pests.
We recommend digging the soil around the trunks of trees and shrubs. This procedure will help avoid oxygen deprivation, and when the ground is turned over, the insects will be on the surface. The latter tend to die and do not harm, which will be beneficial to the plants. After digging, it is necessary to level the soil.
Next, fill the soil around the plants with organic fertilizer. Anything will do: manure, humus from the compost pile, as well as leaves. This will also serve as a protective layer against hypothermia and temperature changes.
Whitewashing and painting trees
Whitewashing or painting trees is necessary to protect the bark. Whitewashing is also done in the fall and is the next step in preparing the garden for winter. Several types of special paint or a mixture of quicklime are used in whitewashing. Whitewashing serves as a protective layer against several problems that trees will face:
Whitewashing protects the tree all year round: in summer from the hot sun, in winter from the freezing wind and all year round from pests and insects.
Protecting trees and plants from rodents
In addition to frost, small rodents also threaten plants in winter. Mice and rabbits are not averse to gnawing on the un-whitewashed and uncovered nutritious bark of trees. The consequences of such raids are very sad. So how do you keep trees safe from such raids? There are several ways that can limit rodent access to the bark.
TREES ARE WRAPPED WITH PROTECTIVE MATERIAL FROM THE ROOTS BY ONE METER.
Bagging material can be sacking, roofing felt, spruce lapnik, fine mesh, plastic bottles. In fact, any material that will prevent mice and rabbits will do. The main thing is not to forget to remove the protective cover in the spring.
In this article, we have tried to tell briefly about the necessary actions, when preparing the garden and vegetable garden for the winter period.
Have a good wintering and meet the spring!