A bouquet of dried flowers – a piece of summer in the middle of winter
Foreign artificial flowers made of fabrics and plastic have become fashionable now. It seems to be beautiful. And they are skillfully made, just like the real ones. But still the soul does not lie for such flowers. Not flowers – one name.
Somewhere in a store or in a huge station hall – still all right. But already in a relatively small office (office, as is now customary) such bouquets no longer look. In a residential apartment, they are completely useless.
The bouquet is good because it is alive, or, at least, was alive, has its own energy, its own metabolism and often exchanges its own, very valuable substances for us for substances harmful to us that have accumulated in the room. None of the most beautiful overseas fakes can compare with well-groomed geraniums – living, breathing, aromatizing the air with healing soothing phytoncides. And how good are cut flowers in a vase! After all, they are not just pleasing to the eye, they delight the heart, dying themselves, give their energy to us. Have you noticed that if you are with love for them, then the bouquet blows with love. It is not for nothing that they do not give their loved ones, close people, paper artificial flowers, but at least one, albeit not very lush, but alive.
Of inanimate flowers, bouquets of dried flowers are acceptable in an apartment. Do-it-yourself plants grown from your personal garden, outwardly they are almost the same as they were in the summer. How to preserve the moment when life stopped in them? Or maybe it doesn’t stop all winter, it’s just that all vital processes slow down so gradually that they no longer need food or water. But the energy in the cells still remained, it seemed to be conserved. This means that such a bunch is not just worthless, but endows us with its energy. And what memories do not these simple flowers conjure up at a casual glance! After all, they grew up all summer by the porch. Hundreds of times you walked past them, smiled at them, noticed how they grow up every day even a little. It was you who gave them life, awakened them from the seed, nursed and fed them with your own hands. These flowers were witnesses of your joys, and maybe they once dispelled your sadness, flowers can do it. Is it really possible to compare this modest bouquet with a colored overseas cloth or plastic?
A little bit more and it will be summer again. Again we will decorate our garden, plant our favorite flowers. Don’t forget the dried flowers. Since everyone can save them, it will be very pleasant to make bouquets of dried flowers with their own hands next winter. And now you will find out how to make a bouquet of dried flowers.
The most popular dried flowers
Most often, ammobium, helihrizum and gomfrena are grown for dry bouquets. These names are familiar to almost every florist. However, there are many more plants that can be dried and preserved. And before you figure out how to dry flowers and how to make a dry bouquet, you need to decide what types of plants you can grow for it.
WINGED AMMOBIUM LARGE-FLOWERED
Perennial branchy plant from the Aster family. In our region, it is grown as an annual. Bush 50-80 cm, at the ends of the branches there are from one to five inflorescences-baskets with a diameter 1.5 cm… The tubular yellow flowers of the inflorescence are surrounded by large white membranous scales of the envelope. Flowering begins 70-75 days after sowing and continues until the autumn cold. Better to grow through seedlings. For seedlings, seeds can be sown in March. Or you can sow in the soil at the end of April. Seed germination lasts up to 5 years.
The plant is light-loving, cold- and drought-resistant, relatively unpretentious and not demanding on the soil.
For winter dry bouquets, plants are cut in full dissolution, tied in bunches and dried in attics, sheds, hanging down with inflorescences.
The plant is also perennial, but we grow it as an annual. Bush height from 30 to100 cm… Inflorescences of a basket with a diameter of 35 cm… Inflorescences are located at the ends of the stems in 1-10 pieces. All flowers in the inflorescence are tubular, yellow, orange, dark red, surrounded by several rows of large scales of a wrapper of different colors. Inflorescences are two-tricolor, very bright, elegant. Flowering begins 75-80 days after sowing and continues until cold weather. Seeds remain viable for 3 years.
The plant is cold-resistant, tolerates frosts down to -1 degrees, photophilous.
Seedlings are sown in early April, and seedlings are planted in the ground in mid-May. You can sow directly into the ground at an early date, but then flowering will begin later and will not be so plentiful.
Gelichrisium is one of the most common plants for winter bouquets. Cut in a half-cut and dry in the same way as ammobium.
An annual branching plant of the amaranth family, gray pubescent, 15-45 cm… The inflorescence is capitate, almost spherical, in diameter1.7 cm… The flowers are purple: bracts are white, pink, crimson, purple-red or purple. Flowering begins 90-100 days after sowing and continues until autumn. Seeds remain viable for up to 3 years.
The plant is light-loving and thermophilic, rather drought-resistant, but does not tolerate frost; it prefers drained, loose, not moist, lime-fertilized soils.
Sown for seedlings in early April. They are planted in place in June after frost. Distance between plants -15-20 cm… Does not tolerate drying out of the soil.
How to keep flowers for the whole winter
When the plants have grown, the question arises: how to dry flowers for a bouquet? There are four methods for drying plants: air, glycerin, desiccant treatment, and press drying.
When drying with moisture-absorbing agents, hygroscopic substances are used, since even in xerophytes the moisture is unevenly distributed – most of all it is in the flowers. These can be borax or silica gel, it is better to use them in a mixture with clean fine sand. The substance must be poured in a layer of 1-2 cm, then put the flower head on it so that the petals are separated from each other, and carefully cover with an absorbent so that each surface of the flower touches. Leave in a dry place, after covering the vessel with porous paper, for 3-5 days. If the plant is dry (this can be checked by brushing off some of the sand with a brush), then carefully remove it and store it in a dry, dark place, hanging the plant upside down. Plant species such as buttercup, peony, apple tree, dahlia retain their decorative properties best.
The method of drying by pressing is known to everyone since childhood, when in biology lessons it was necessary to make herbariums. Press-dried plants retain their color and shape for a long time. For drying in this way, a herbarium folder or a herbarium net is usually used. The cut plant is placed on a newspaper, laid on top with moisture-absorbing paper, then covered with another newspaper and placed in a herbarium folder. This method can be used to dry the flowers of pansies, flax, poppy, clover. Plants dried by pressing in volumetric compositions are used very rarely, but they are perfect for paintings, panels, miniatures. Small flowers can be dried whole, and massive ones can be cut lengthwise and it is desirable to separate the leaves. An important condition for the preservation of the color is the speed of drying: you can change the moisture-absorbing pads several times.