Growing beet seeds

growing beet seeds Blog

Beetroot is a biennial plant that produces seeds in the second year of growth. The parent root crop is selected at the end of the first season.


A root crop intended for growing seeds must meet the following requirements:

  • it must be large, not less than 250 grams;
  • the surface must be smooth, without damage;
  • the central root must be well developed;
  • the growth bud must be well formed;
  • the color of the root crop should be bright.

When removing tops from the root crop, it is necessary to leave petioles up to 20 mm long. Too large beets for seeds are not suitable, as they have a low yield.

Selected planting specimens are sprinkled with wet sand and stored in wooden boxes placed in the basement with a temperature of up to +3 degrees.

Root crops are planted on seeds at the end of April. Different varieties are planted at a distance from each other so that cross-pollination does not occur.

Beet storage

The site is prepared in advance, introducing humus or compost when digging. The interval between root crops should be at least 35 cm, and between rows 65 cm. Beets are buried in the soil, leaving only the top of the head on the surface. After planting the root crop, the soil is compacted and watered around. The bed is mulched with humus.

Watering is carried out regularly, as the topsoil dries. After watering, it is imperative to perform loosening and hilling. The first loosening of the soil is carried out 10 days after planting. In the future, this procedure is performed every two weeks. In parallel with loosening, weeds are removed between the rows.

When the first leaves appear, you need to feed. For these purposes, a solution of mullein and ash is used. The second dressing is applied before flowering. For this, complex mineral fertilizers are used. In case of too much green mass, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are excluded and potassium-phosphorus supplements are applied.

The flowering period begins in early July. For more effective pollination, it is recommended to periodically gently shake the bushes. After 25 days, you need to pinch the crown. This stimulates seed maturation.

Seeds are collected 90-120 days after planting the root crop. The signal for collection will be a change in the color of the fruit.

Ripened testicles are cut and collected in bunches. For ripening, they are hung under a canopy, spreading fabric or paper below, as ripened seeds can crumble from the seed pods. After the final drying, the seeds are selected by hand, cleaned of debris, and the largest are separated using a sieve.

Seed material is stored in paper bags in a dark, dry, cool room. With proper storage, the seeds remain viable for 5-7 years.

Growing beet seeds has several advantages:

  • obtaining seed in large quantities;
  • self-grown seeds with proper storage have 100% germination;
  • root crops grown from seeds obtained in this way are of excellent quality.

With minimal investment of funds and effort, you can get a rich harvest of root crops. This is not a tricky task, which even beginner gardeners can handle.

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