Each summer resident on his personal plot carries out sowing carrots . However, not everyone thought that seed can be grown independently
Choosing a root crop for seeds
The quality of the seeds obtained depends on the correct choice of carrots. Seeds can only be obtained from varietal carrots. Hybrids are not suitable for this. The root crop must be chosen large, bright in color, without dents and bulges. Its surface should be smooth and even. The top of the root crop should not be damaged.
It is necessary to select carrots for seeds in the fall. The tops of the selected root crops are cut off, leaving petioles 2 cm long, and placed in a container filled with sand. Planting material should be stored in a cool room with a temperature close to 0 degrees.
At the end of March, when sprouts appear on the selected root crops, they are planted in a container with soil.
Transplantation in open ground
At the end of April, carrots from the container are transplanted into open beds. The landing site should be sunny and protected from drafts. In order to preserve varietal characteristics, there should not be carrots of other varieties in the neighborhood, otherwise, having pollinated, the seeds will lose varietal characteristics.
The site is prepared in advance. When digging a site, humus and ash are introduced into the soil.
Root crops are planted vertically in the soil, leaving the tops on the soil surface. To protect the apical kidney from sunburn, it is covered with a layer of humus. The layer thickness is 25 mm. The interval between root crops should be 40 cm, and between rows, 55 cm. After planting, carrots are watered abundantly.
Watering should be carried out regularly, not allowing the soil to dry out. Loosening is carried out after each watering.
During the period of growing green mass, it is necessary to introduce nitrogen-containing fertilizers into the soil . When forming buds, root crops are fed with an ash solution or potash fertilizers.
When flower stalks appear on the tops and grow a little, they must be tied to wooden pegs so that they do not break.
Peduncles are umbrellas of small white flowers. The bright color attracts insects that pollinate the plant. After the plant has pollinated, the umbrella turns inward, shaped like a nest. When the seeds ripen, the umbrella takes on its original shape.
The signal to collect seeds is a change in the color of the umbrella – its color becomes brown. Umbrellas are cut with scissors and hung to dry in a well-ventilated area. Then the seeds are ground by hand, separating them from the husk. The highest quality seeds are along the edge of the umbrella. They ripen better and have a larger size.
To separate the most mature seeds, it is recommended to soak them for 10 minutes in water. Seeds that have sunk to the bottom are spread on paper towels and dried for two weeks without direct sunlight.
Store the collected seeds in tightly closed glass containers in a dark, dry place. Once every six months, the package is opened for airing and the seeds are shaken.
Planting carrots in an ordinary way
Before planting, it is necessary to prepare the seeds. Carrot seeds are coated with essential oils. In order to speed up the germination process before sowing, seeds should be poured with hot water and wait until the water cools down. The water temperature should be 45 degrees. Drain the cooled water and pour the seeds again. Spread the washed seeds on a paper towel and leave to dry completely.
The soil for sowing carrots is prepared in advance. When digging beds for 1 square. meter contribute:
- rotted humus – 2 kg;
- potassium salt – 1/2 matchbox;
- superphosphate – 1 box.
It is not recommended to apply to the soil:
- ash ;
- nitrogenous fertilizers.
Before sowing, the earth is well loosened and grooves are made with the edge of the board. The furrow is plentifully watered with water, waiting until it is completely absorbed, and proceed to sowing the seeds. Since carrot seeds are very small, it is recommended to mix them with sand in a ratio of 1:5. If possible, they try not to sow the seeds too thickly, because when thinning, removing weak sprouts, the roots of neighboring sprouts are damaged. Seeds are sprinkled with a thin layer of soil. To protect carrots from carrot flies, it is recommended to plant onions between rows of carrots .