Growing fennel from seeds, planting and care in unprotected ground

growing fennel from seeds planting and care in unprotected ground Blog
Fennel

Fennel is not whimsical to the requirements of the soil , so it can be grown on rocky slopes, along roads or buildings. But the best, in composition, for him will be: loam of calcareous clay soil and fertile black soil. Good predecessors for planting will be crops grown with fertilizers – these are winter and tilled crops. You can not grow fennel from year to year in the same place.

Beneficial features

How to plant fennel

Seed selection

fennel seeds

It is worth noting that fennel grows in two types: ordinary fennel (dill pharmacy), which is grown for seeds and green mass, or vegetable fennel – this vegetable is used as food by cabbage heads. Sowing and caring for pharmacy dill and vegetable fennel is almost the same.

Site preparation

Before sowing seeds, prepare the site. The soil is fertilized with organic matter or peat at the rate of 1 bucket per 1 m² of land, 2 cans of sawdust can also be added to it. The soil is dug up and leveled with a rake. You can cover the beds with a film before sowing – this will retain moisture and warm the soil.

Seed preparation

Pour the seeds into a linen bag and lower for 4 hours in a growth stimulator or in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. After soaking, the seeds are removed and sowing immediately begins.

Sowing, timing.

Simultaneously with sowing, superphosphate is applied at the rate of 50 kg/ha. Seeds are planted in the soil to a depth of 2 cm. Basically, planting begins in the second half of April, but some summer residents plant in the fall – early September. A culture sown in the spring is not particularly demanding on additional conditions, unlike those planted before winter. Autumn plants need warming for overwintering. The distance between the furrows should be within 50-60 cm. Mulching can be done – this will keep the soil from drying out for a long time.

Video: growing fennel

https://www.youtube.com/embed/FWRmRRBWM5c?feature=oembed

Care

  1. thinning . Sprouts appear in a week, they should be spun with a distance of 20-25 cm.
  2. Loosening is carried out after watering, and weeding is better – cutting off the upper part of the weeds, since fennel develops better due to weeds.
  3. Watering is recommended to be carried out several times a week and as needed, 10-15 l / m2 of land. Moisture plays the most important role in the development of fennel.
  4. Top dressing begins after the first thinning with infusions of mullein. Fertilize plantings 2-3 times during the growing season.
  5. In fennel, which is grown for greens, flower stalks are periodically removed .
  6. Harvest , greens, begin when the plants reach a height of 10-15 cm with a stem thickness at the base of about 1 cm.

Spicy greens are frozen, dried, used as a seasoning for dishes and in preservation.

Features of growing vegetable fennel

  • Seed preparation . A few days before sowing, the seed is soaked in warm water and then covered with a rag. Then the seeds are dried and sown in the prepared land.
  • Soil preparation. The land plot for fennel is fertilized with humus in the ratio of 1 bucket per 1 m2, superphosphate 2 tablespoons / m2 and sawdust 2l / m2. Liming is carried out on demand. The earth must be dug up and leveled with a garden rake.
  • Sowing seeds , vegetable fennel, is carried out from mid-April to May, the embedment depth is 2 cm, to preserve moisture and heat the soil, it is covered with a film. After 1-1.5 weeks, after the appearance of sprouts, thinning is carried out – the plants are left with an interval of 20 cm.Fennel

Before winter, you can sow seeds in the southern regions. Seeds will germinate slowly, this is a hallmark of the celery family. Germination is blocked by essential oils.

Care

  • Top dressing. After thinning, the first top dressing is carried out with mullein infusion: cow dung is insisted on water in a ratio of 1: 3, watering is carried out with the lowest concentration of 1: 10. Fertilize at least 2 times during the planting season.
  • Hilling plants is carried out to a height of 3-7 cm several times during the growing season. Carrying out this procedure will not allow the heads of cabbage to darken, and they will become more fleshy. Before spudding, some gardeners cut out a ring from an ordinary plastic bottle and put it on over the planting – this will avoid contamination of the root crop.
  • Watering is carried out once a week, at the rate of 10-15 l / m2 of water.fennel vegetable

Tips for Growing Fennel

For good growth, the culture needs space, so plant fennel away from other plantings.

If watering is insufficient, or lack of top dressing, the plants will be drawn to their ” neighbors “, which will oppress them.

Fennel, like dill, reproduces well by self-sowing.

You should also pay attention to the “unfriendly neighbors” of fennel: peppers, legumes, tomatoes, spinach and cumin should be planted away from it. Fennel will interfere with the development of these crops. But cabbage and cucumbers are a good companion: fennel with its aroma can rid these vegetables of aphids and attract insects for pollination.

Site selection for fennelFennel

  • Predecessors. When cultivating fennel, it is necessary to take into account the predecessors and neighboring crops.
  • Lighting . Culture loves light, so it is necessary to allocate an area for it with maximum lighting, without a shadow.
  • The soil. The soil should be of medium moisture and fertile.

Growing fennel seedlings

fennel seedling

You can grow seedlings both at home and in a greenhouse. The plant does not tolerate transplanting well, so you need to take care of growing it in peat pots. When the seeds are sown in a greenhouse or in containers, picking is carried out with the appearance of two leaves in plastic cups, cassettes or peat pots, but not less than 8 cm in diameter. There it will be grown for 45-50 days, and then transplanted into open ground.

How and when to collect seeds?

Seed material can be obtained at the end of the second mountain of plant cultivation. After the umbrellas have matured and become yellow-brown in color, they are cut and hung to dry. Then they are shaken off and placed in a breathable package. When choosing seeds in a store, do not forget that there are two types of them: common, which is grown for seeds and greens, and vegetable, it is cultivated for heads of cabbage.

Diseases and pests of fennel

The species is very resistant to diseases, but still it is exposed to the invasion of pests and diseases.

Cercosporosis. On the green parts of the plant may appear: angular small yellow spots. With the progression of the disease, they darken and merge, forming one large lesion. Over time, the plant turns completely yellow and dies off. For prevention purposes: control planting density, treat with 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid, Captan or Kuprozan to eliminate infection.

Fennel

Root rot affects the entire plant. At the beginning of the disease, the leaves look drooping, eventually wither, turn brown and die off as the roots die. Such plants are removed along with the ground. If the disease of the plant is just beginning, then in this case, stop watering and treat it with a fungicide solution.

Stem rot will infect all shoots of the stems of the plant. They begin to rot, and gradually die off. Also, the disease can spread to the greens of the culture. To detect the disease at the very roots and above, you can see a white coating, after which small brown spots appear. If the cause is found, immediately stop watering and try to remove the plaque, followed by treatment with a strong solution of manganese, after which the affected areas are dusted with wood ash.

Rust appears on the ground organs of the plant in the form of orange-brown pustules and tubercles. They increase the evaporation of moisture, and in the strongest cases, the leaves fall off. This is a fungal disease. All damaged parts are removed and the remaining ones are treated with the prepared fungicide solution.

meadow moth

meadow mothis a serious crop threat. A butterfly 1 cm in size, with a wingspan of up to 2 cm, and females even larger – 2.6 cm. The moth itself is not so terrible as its caterpillar. They destroy everything in their path, leaving behind only petioles and veins. They are very prolific, recognizable by their black head and greenish-gray body with a dark stripe along it. In moths, the front wings are gray-brown with dark spots and a yellow stripe at the outer edge, the hind wings are gray with two stripes. Moths feed on plant sap, so during the years of mass pest invasions, honey production is reduced. This usually happens once a decade. They are dealt with manually if they are seen in small numbers. It was also noted by avid summer residents that their number is significantly reduced, if timely weeding of the site is carried out. If, nevertheless, an invasion has occurred, the pest is destroyed with the help of chemicals: Fufanon, Phosphamide, Metaphos, Karbofos, Decis.

Contraindications to the use of fennel

Like all plants, fennel can also have individual contraindications for use. Due to the content of essential oils in a large amount, it can cause nausea and dizziness, so you should stop using it.

If fennel is used as an increase in lactation, it should be borne in mind that the benefits must outweigh the possible harm. This also applies to people with epileptic seizures.

Abuse or overdose is fraught with allergic reactions or gastrointestinal upset.

The beginning of the use of fennel should be organized with small doses of its use in order to see the body’s reaction to it.

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