Growing onions

growing onions Blog

There is never too much onion! This is what people who know how to cook deliciously think. This spicy vegetable can easily be called the main spice on our tables. The cultivation of onions always implies adherence to a whole set of rules, without which you probably cannot achieve a good harvest. Onion agrotechnology seems to be simple on the one hand, but on the other, onions can be safely called a wayward and capricious plant. If he does not like the soil, then you will not force onions to grow on it.

Varieties of onions

varieties and types of onions

There are so many of them! Unfortunately, only especially experienced summer residents know how many varieties of this culture can be planted on plots today. Onions, fruitful family (aka shallots), multi-tiered, decorative Suvorov onions and chives, giant lettuce onions Exhibishen, slug onions … And this is not the whole list of types of onions that can be found in the plots of our compatriots.

The choice of varieties of onions for a personal plot must be approached wisely. You should not buy 3 kilograms of seed of one variety and send all of it to the beds. Bad idea, I must say. Consider the purpose of the onion, its yield, types and keeping quality. And give preference to at least three varieties. If suddenly, for some reason, one variety does not give the expected yield, then two others will save the situation!

The onions you plan to use for greens will not produce large turnips. On a turnip, you need to grow plants separately, trying to injure them as little as possible.

Bow: planting and care

We note right away that it will be very difficult to grow onions from seeds in Russian regions. For at least one year. But the cultivation of turnip onions from sets is widespread in our country. To grow on a turnip, buy two different varieties of yellow onions and one each red and one white. Excellent yields are yielded by the onions of the Stuttgarten Riesen, Strigunovsky local and Supra varieties.

Strange as it may sound, but many summer residents themselves complicate the onion farming technique, coming up with various tricks. Some of them are not without reason and are useful, while other procedures only take time. It’s not worth experimenting on the entire onion garden right away. Chances are that someone was joking or passed off a negative experience as a positive one. For example, some summer residents recommend fertilizing the onion garden with manure. Yes, this can be done, but with only one condition: the manure must be thoroughly rotted and rotted to the state of a black mass. This happens over a period of 2-3 years. Plants start to ache from fresh manure.

Onions in our regions need to be grown from seed sets – this is the best option. There are varieties suitable for growing from seed. One of the most popular is the local Strigunovsky onion. It takes about 120 days from seed germination to harvest. This is one of the varieties with amazing keeping quality, but the size of summer residents will not please. Each bulb weighs no more than 100 grams. 

Onions cannot be planted in the same place every year. The soil is depleted, old pests remain, diseases begin to manifest. Therefore, onion beds should be made where marrow, cabbage, cucumbers, and tomatoes grew last year. Planting onions in place of potatoes is allowed. We have already written about the “tops and roots” rule. If in the previous year there were plants with root crops in the garden, then in the new season it is better to plant plants that give aboveground crops in their place.

Onions do not like sandy and clayey soils, they are very sensitive to acidity. If last year you succeeded in cabbage, then in the new season, feel free to plant onions in its place – there will be a harvest! Preference should be given only to sunny areas with good ventilation.

Preparing the soil for planting

It seems that all summer residents in the fall distribute what and where they will plant in the spring. Preparing the soil for planting should begin just in the fall. Fertilizers should not be applied in large quantities. It will be enough half a bucket of rotted manure for each square meter. You can supplement it with mineral fertilizers.

Make the width of the beds at your discretion, but remember that it is worth leaving about 20 centimeters between the rows. It will be very inconvenient to weed wide beds, since the distance between the rows is small.

Should you plant onion sets for the winter?

agricultural technology and onion care

If the seeds of nigella onions do an excellent job with winter planting and germinate well, then there are very few varieties of seedlings that will show both good germination after winter and high yields in autumn. There are only a few varieties of such onions.

Summer residents assure that onions, growing onions in the open field by means of winter plantings minimizes the risks of diseases, rotting and other problems. In practice, the picture is not so rosy. If spring is early, the onions will have to be harvested in mid-July. Its keeping quality is extremely low, and hardly a third of the harvested crop will last until mid-November. Another nuisance that summer residents can expect is arrows on the bow. The plant will spend all its strength on the formation of an arrow with seeds. Of course, not all plants are susceptible to such a misfortune, but about 10-20% of the onion can begin to shoot. The survival rate of onions after winter planting is not 100%. Some of the bulbs will die. Summer residents in such cases retort: ​​”The weakest bulbs have died.”

Practice shows that onions grown in the winter way grow smaller than those that were in the ground in May.

Conduct an experiment on your site. Plant part of the onion in the ground for the winter, and the second part of the same variety, or better than two, store at home all winter and plant at the usual time. Results will vary!

Whether to plant onion sets for the winter is up to you. Be

Onion joy and pride

How proudly summer residents show each other the onion heads collected in their plots. I remember that a couple of years ago, when the Exibishen onion appeared on the markets, there was no limit to delight. Some bulbs are up to 900 grams in size. By the way, Exibishen summer residents nicknamed “the onion legend” and “the summer resident’s dream”. Like, you plant a tiny plant in the ground, and a giant grows out of it. Some lovers even planted all the onion beds with this particular variety.

Now let’s be clean! Are you comfortable peeling giant bulbs? How many onions do you need to cook one dish? How many days will you and your family eat a 700-gram onion? Where will you store it, cut into pieces? Exhibiting onion is a salad variety. It is ideal for preparing blanks for the winter, but for consumption every day it is worth choosing varieties with smaller bulbs. Therefore, you should not rejoice if the seller offers you a set, the weight of which, after ripening, will be more than 300 grams. For example, onions of the Stuttgarten Riesen variety in some cases can grow up to 500 grams.

The optimal bulb weight for food is 80-200 grams.

Onion planting time in spring

Since ancient times in Russia, it was customary to plant onions on May 10, according to folk signs. By these numbers, the earth is already sufficiently warmed up and moistened. Planting should not be delayed or planted too early. If the onion is in the ground before April 25, then there is a high probability that a significant part of the plants will go into the arrow. Late planting results in small yields.

It is generally accepted that the smaller the onion, the better. And this is actually the case. From a tiny set with a diameter of up to 0.5 cm, a good large onion grows. And from a set with a diameter of 1.5 cm, exactly the same will grow. Here are just a large set is stored poorly, quickly deteriorates, and if you bought it in the fall, then part of it will have to be thrown away. Small sets are perfectly stored, there are several times more of it per kilogram, and in terms of development and growth, it instantly catches up with large specimens. The distance between the bulbs should be 8-10 centimeters.

Growing, feeding and harvesting

When growing onions on the head, do not forget about top dressing and timely weeding. Many summer residents use ammonium nitrate for feeding, but this fertilizer is quite harmful and devastates the soil, and therefore it is better to refuse it. It is better to feed onions with safer mineral fertilizers. After feeding, onion feathers cannot be eaten for about 10 days. To prevent diseases, spray the onions with Bordeaux liquid.

Green onions should not be processed for diseases and fed for at least 10 days before harvesting.

You need to remove the onions before August 15. Even if it just started to turn yellow, still start cleaning. The nights become cool, the humidity of the air increases, the onions practically stop growing and spend energy on greens. Those who harvest onions at the beginning of September have probably noted more than once that they are stored very poorly, since agricultural techniques were not followed.

Head-dry onions for winter storage should be in the sun.

Leek: growing

leek

This is a biennial cold-resistant plant in our latitudes. 

became popular recently. You can grow it from seeds. For this, in March, seeds are sown in boxes for receiving seedlings. Plants are sent to open ground at the age of two months. The optimal planting time is May-June. The soil should warm up well. Plants are cut as they mature. Anything that you do not eat in a season can remain outdoors even in winter, since leeks do not have a dormant period.

Batun onion: growing

It is a pleasure to grow onions! To do this, in the middle of summer, plant seeds are sown in the ground. Many summer residents in vain grow onion as a biennial plant. Its second name is seven-year bow. That is, you can grow greens in one place for your needs for 7 years, or even more. True, the onion begins to weaken, but it is enough to dig up the petioles and divide them into sprouts, and then plant them.

The onion is not susceptible to fertilizers. The harvest, of course, will increase, but not much. From frequent feeding, the stems become tough and inedible. During the season, you can take 3-4 harvests of greenery. In spring, plants hatch through the snow that has not yet melted. The taste of the very first spring batun is surprisingly bright, invigorating and with light notes of freshness.

Onions can be planted in the very corner of the site and do not forget to periodically weed it and loosen the soil.

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