Growing quince from seeds

growing quince from seeds Blog
quince bush

Japanese quince (Chenomeles), which is a dwarf shrub, is often called northern lemon. This should not be surprising, since the fruits contain a huge amount of ascorbic acid.

The plant conquers more and more gardens, not only in central Russia, but also in regions with a more severe climate. That is why gardeners are interested in how to grow quince at home.

Features of using quince

Japanese quince is an amazing plant with a lot of useful qualities, therefore it has a wide range of applications:

Reproduction methods

Japanese quince, unlike many seed fruit crops, can be propagated using:

  • seeds;
  • cuttings;
  • layering;
  • root suckers;
  • dividing the bush.

The most common and easiest way is growing from seeds. How to grow quince from seeds at home, how to care for plantings, will be discussed further.

Growing from seed

quince seeds

Getting seed at home is easy. You just need to choose well-ripened fruits. Seeds should be full, dark brown in color. They are dried and cleaned in a linen bag.

In order for the seeds to hatch, it is necessary to carry out stratification . This procedure will be different, based on the time of sowing:

  1. When planting seeds in the fall, they are immediately placed in the ground, sprinkled with earth until spring. In this case, stratification takes place in a natural way.
  2. If sowing seeds is planned in the spring, then 3 months before planting, the seeds are soaked in warm water and placed in a slightly moistened substrate. Then they put it in the refrigerator on the bottom shelf.

Sow seeds in February in separate containers so as not to damage the thin root system. After the appearance of 2-3 true leaves, the seedlings dive into a large container.

Quince: planting and care

Landing

When choosing a site for planting quince, it is recommended to pay attention to illuminated places with black earth, loamy or sandy soil. Since plants do not grow well in drafts and are afraid of northern winds, it is better to plant quince in the south or southwest of the site.

Plants are placed at least 1.5 meters apart so that as they grow, there is enough space for the branches to grow. For a note to gardeners: when planting a seedling grown from seeds, the seedlings deepen the root collar no more than five centimeters. Otherwise, the quince will grow slowly.

Care

Caring for a Japanese quince shrub does not cause much trouble:

  • watering and loosening the soil in the near-stem circle;
  • weed removal and mulching ;
  • top dressing and pruning for the correct formation of the crown.
Growing quince from seeds

Since quince is a drought-resistant plant, it is not often watered. When planting a bush, a bucket of compost, potash fertilizers and superphosphate are poured into the pit. This nutrition is enough for a young seedling until next spring. In the future, the plant is fed with infusions of mullein, chicken manure.

Young seedlings need shelter for the winter. A box is placed on the bush, and covered with spruce branches and leaves on top. When grown in harsh climates, cover should have been more substantial.

pruning

The formation of the crown and pruning of quince in the first year after planting the seedling is not done. The following spring, damaged branches are cut off, shoots growing close to the ground are removed. In autumn, they carry out significant pruning, without waiting for frosts.

On each plant, 10-15 skeletal branches of different ages are left. If the number of branches on the quince is limited, it is possible to stimulate their growth during the formation of the crown by shortening by a third. In subsequent years, weak shoots, poorly fruiting branches and those that grow inside the bush will have to be removed.

Fruiting in Japanese quince grown from seeds, with proper care, begins in 4-5 years. It should be noted that such seedlings do not always retain maternal properties.

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