How to grow asparagus from seeds at home

how to grow asparagus from seeds at home Blog
Asparagus

Asparagus is a member of the asparagus family. It has more than three hundred species and grows on almost all continents, the only exception is Antarctica.

The shape of the bush is branched. The central branches are even, but can bend from their own weight. There is woodiness at the base. Lateral processes of small size form branches with many small needles. They densely cover the entire area of ​​\u200b\u200bthe plant. The leaves are scaly in shape covering the lateral stems. The flowering period of asparagus is from June to August. The white flowers are bell-shaped, not more than 5 mm high. The plant is self-pollinating. After pollination, round-oval berries with a diameter of up to 10 millimeters of burgundy color appear. In room conditions, the plant grows to a height of 0.5 meters, a width of up to 6 meters.

Growing asparagus from seeds at home

Sowing seeds is carried out from February 20 to March 10. Before planting, it is necessary to prepare the seeds:

  • treatment with 1% potassium permanganate solution for disinfection;
  • soaking for 4-5 hours in a growth activator solution.Asparagus

It is better to prepare the soil for planting asparagus yourself. To do this, mix the ingredients in this proportion:

  • garden land – 2 parts;
  • humus – 1 part;
  • river sand – 1 part.

Mix this soil thoroughly, for uniform distribution of all components, pour over a solution of 20% potassium permanganate, steam in the oven at 90 degrees and cool to a temperature of 22-25 degrees.

Seeds can be sown in prepared soil. At this temperature, the seed germination process will be accelerated. If the soil temperature is 18-20 degrees, the seeds will germinate longer. For sowing seeds, small containers are used with the obligatory presence of drainage holes in them to remove excess moisture. Seeds are sown on the surface of moist soil at a distance of 3 cm from each other, slightly pressed into the soil and sprinkled with a thin layer of soil. Then lightly moisten with a spray bottle. The container with seeds must be covered with glass and placed in a well-lit, warm room.

Glass must be removed every day for 10 minutes for ventilation. The soil needs to be moistened daily. The first shoots will appear in 30-35 days. After the emergence of seedlings, the glass must be removed.

When the seedlings grow up to 10 cm, they must be planted in separate pots. Use the soil in the same ratio as for planting seeds, but with the addition of complex fertilizer. Young plants are transplanted once a year. Adults – once every three years.

Care

In the process of growth, it is necessary to carry out the following measures to care for the plant:

  1. Temperature control . Asparagus needs good lighting. For this, a window sill facing east or west is suitable, since in bright sunlight the plant sheds leaves. Another reason for dropping leaves is the high temperature in the room. The plant feels comfortable at 20-22 degrees at the time of flowering, in winter the temperature should not exceed 12-15 degrees, as the plant is at rest.
  2. Watering . The soil must be regularly moistened, while controlling that there is no stagnation of moisture. For irrigation, use water without chlorine content. In winter, the amount of watering is reduced to allow the top layer of soil to dry out a little. If the room temperature is below 14 degrees, watering is carried out extremely rarely.
  3. Air humidity . Asparagus needs high humidity. Therefore, the plant is regularly sprayed. It is recommended to place a container with a plant on a pallet filled with wet pebbles.
  4. Top dressing . It is necessary to fertilize asparagus at the time of growth activation. Top dressing is necessary 1 time in 14 days. For this, organic fertilizers or complex mineral supplements are used.
  5. Transfer. Asparagus is transplanted as needed into larger containers. Transplantation is carried out in early spring. Tubers formed in the root system do not need to be removed. They are a source of nutrients needed by the plant. Without them, the plant will survive, but will be sick for a long time.
  6. Pruning. There is no need to prune this type of plant. Remove diseased or old shoots to allow new ones to grow.
  7. The division of the bush . This type of reproduction is acceptable only for an adult plant. It is best to divide before the start of the growing season. To do this, when dividing on each part, it is necessary to leave three stems of an adult plant. This will lead to better survival.

Diseases and pests

Asparagus is prone to falling off or yellowing of the needles. The causes of this disease can be:

  • Bright sun rays;
  • lack of moisture;
  • elevated temperature;
  • watering the plant with soft water;
  • dry indoor air.
spider mite

The plant is most often affected by spider mites. If signs of damage appear, the plant must be washed well in the shower. The water temperature should be 40 degrees. It is necessary to perform the procedure several times. If the procedure does not give a result, treat the plant with Actellik.

Asparagus species

The most common types grown at home are:

  • Asparagus pinnate . It is a shrub with many branched bare shoots with scales-leaves. The stems are curved, collected in bunches 0.7-1.4 cm long. This form of leaves gives the plant a light and airy appearance. The root is in the form of branched tubers. The stems of a young plant are straight, erect, in an adult plant the stems have lateral processes. The color of the stems is light green. The flowers are small, white, bell-shaped and collected in inflorescences. Berries become dark blue or black when ripe.Asparagus
  • Asparagus the thinnest . The appearance of this plant resembles asparagus pinnate. However, its needles are longer and thinner and more rarely located on the stem. Shoots grow up to one and a half meters long.Asparagus
  • Asparagus sickle . Lianoid plant of dark green color, reaching up to 1.5 meters in height. Leaves in the form of a sickle, 7-8 cm long. It blooms with inflorescences of white flowers with a rich aroma. The inflorescence contains 6-7 flowers. It differs from other species in its rapid growth.Asparagus
  • Asparagus racemose . It has a height of up to two meters. The shoots of this species climbing or drooping have flat stems collected in bunches. It blooms with pink or white flowers with a pronounced aroma, growing in the form of brushes. Scientists have identified in this variety of asparagus the ability to remove toxins from the body and strengthen the immune system. It can also be used to prevent and treat ulcers.Asparagus
  • Asparagus medioloydes . Liana-like shoots are characterized by high growth and a large number of lateral stems. After pruning, cut shoots retain a fresh look for a long time. Flowers are small, white. The fruits are bright orange.
  • Asparagus densely flowered sprenger. Branches up to two meters long, creeping. Flowering period from May to June. It blooms with white, yellow and pink flowers. Flowers are collected in inflorescences. Berries of bright red color of an oval form.Asparagus

Cooking uses of white asparagus

White asparagus ( asparagus ) has a variety of uses in cooking. Use its underground part in a purified form. Asparagus is used:

  • when preparing pizza;
  • added to garnishes;
  • cook soup;
  • young shoots are eaten raw, boiled, and stewed.

Asparagus is not only a beautiful, but also a useful plant. It is a kind of air filter, trapping dust and releasing a large amount of oxygen into the atmosphere. In addition, this type of plant will be a wonderful decoration for your home.

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