Tarragon: growing from seeds in the open field

tarragon growing from seeds in the open field Blog
Tarragon

In cooking, tender and juicy leaves of the plant are used, they are added to hot dishes, salads, marinades, tarragon can be consumed fresh. Valued for its rich content of essential oils.

How to propagate and grow tarragon?

tarragon seedling

Growing spices with seeds can be carried out immediately in open ground or with the help of seedlings. To get a higher yield, it is recommended to propagate seedlings. Seed material should be purchased from trusted sellers or in specialized stores, this can avoid buying low-quality goods or fakes.

Propagation of dragoon seeds using seedlings:

  • Soil . We prepare a soil mixture of humus, turf and sand in a ratio of 1: 1: 1. The culture is picky about soil moisture, therefore, at the bottom of the container, it is necessary to make holes for the exit of excess liquid, and lay out drainage from pebbles. Summer residents with experience recommend adding perlite or vermiculite to the soil, with its properties it will save the soil from excess moisture and make it loose.
  • Seed preparation : soak the seeds for 3-4 days in warm water, this will accelerate the growth of seedlings, you can use a growth stimulator.
  • Sowing is carried out from the second half of March. The seeds are laid in moistened soil, evenly distributed over the surface with a embedment depth of 0.5 cm. We cover it with glass from above or tighten it with a film to create a greenhouse effect, with the appearance of the first shoots, the shelter is removed.
  • Temperature. The temperature regime is important for obtaining high-quality seedlings. From the moment of sowing until the first shoots appear, the thermal regime should be 22-24°C, then it is slightly reduced to 17-20°C. Subject to the temperature norm, seedlings will appear in 14-21 days.
  • Seedling care will consist of regular watering, timely loosening. It is important to harden seedlings. A pick is carried out when 3-4 pieces of leaves appear.
  • Transplanting seedlings in open ground begins at the end of May. The soil should be prepared in the fall: the sprouts dig up the place with the introduction of humus in the amount of 4 kg / m2 of earth, and mineral fertilizers, potassium salt 20 g / m2 and superphosphate 40 / m2, are also applied.

Growing seeds in open ground:

  • Sowing. On the prepared and moistened soil, cut shallow furrows, with a distance of 70 cm from each other. The grains laid in the grooves do not need to be closed.
  • Thinning is carried out with an interval of 15 cm between plants.
  • Watering is carried out several times a season, then watering is carried out only in dry times.
  • Weeding can not be done, because the grass oppresses everything growing around. The culture has a massive root system, so it does not really need any additional care.Tarragon

How to propagate tarragon cuttings

  • Preparation of cuttings . Cuttings are usually planted in the ground in May, which means that by this time they need to be prepared. A few days before the planned planting date, we prepare the cuttings: we cut the required number of cuttings 10-15 cm long and place them in the Kornevin growth stimulator solution for a day.
  • Bookmark cuttings : dig the petioles in wet sand and cover with a film. The cuttings begin to germinate within a month. After germination, the sprouts are planted on the beds.
  • Watering is carried out regularly, in no case do not flood the plant. But, until the roots of the plant grow, the soil must be kept moist.
  • Care : regularly remove the film for ventilation, view and remove non-developing cuttings; when loosening row spacing, weeding is immediately carried out; organize thinning of plantings with the appearance of 2 leaves at a distance of 10 cm; to carry out a garter of plants.
  • Top dressing is carried out only in the second year of the seedling’s life. Organic fertilizers are applied: liquid mullein, droppings, fermented grass (1/10). They are fed with mineral fertilizers, but nitrogen should be reduced, as it reduces the quality of the grass. Feeding is carried out after each cut of the bush.
  • Organization of the resting stage . The last cut of the season should be carried out no later than August, as the plant must accumulate useful substances for overwintering. With the beginning of September, the foliage and stems on the tarragon wither. Planting is cut at a level of 5-10 cm from the ground, and covered with a layer of compost, humus is laid out around the planting, and organic mulch must be protected from above: fallen needles, sawdust, leaves.

Reproduction of the dragoon by dividing the bush

You can divide the bush when the plant is at least 4 years old. Carry out the procedure in early spring or late summer.

The plant is carefully dug up without damaging the root system. Separate the root offspring from an adult plant, and plant a sprout in a previously prepared soil for growing tarragon.

Tarragon varieties

Variety “Dobrynya”

Variety "Dobrynya"

This variety is the most useful and contains substances: carotene, ascorbic acid and essential oil. The leaves have a pleasant smell. The plant is hardy, up to 1 m in height, resistant to low temperatures and will easily endure the heat. In one place it can grow up to 10 years with rejuvenation of plantings 1 time in 5 years.

Sort “Monarch”

Sort "Monarch"

An adult plant can grow up to 150 cm in height, a perennial variety, the leaves have a pronounced aroma. In cooking, it is used both dried and fresh.

Sort “Gribovsky”

Sort "Gribovsky"

Frost-resistant variety, tolerates drought well. In one place grows up to 15 years. In cooking, it is used as a seasoning for pickles, salads, fish and meat dishes.

Variety “Goodwin”

Variety "Goodwin"

The greenery is beautiful and dense, the plant reaches 100 cm in height. Productivity comes a year after planting, 600 g of fragrant greens are cut from one bush for one cut. Taste qualities: fragrant greens with a slight bitterness, used as a seasoning for fish and meat, suitable for conservation.

Variety “Valkovsky”

Distributed in Russia, tolerates frosts. The aroma is weak, the leaves are dull.

Variety “Zhulebinsky Semko”

Variety Zhulebinsky Semko

The height of the plant can vary from 60 to 150 cm. The aroma is pungent and spicy, the foliage is thick. Good for use in beverage preparation and preservation.

The most popular are three types of tarragon: French, Transcaucasian, Russian.

The French species did not take root in Russia because of the climate, but it tastes very delicate and fragrant.

The most famous of the Transcaucasian species is “Yerevan”.

Domestic, Russian, dragoon is inferior in taste, but it is the most frost-resistant and endures the winter period of central Russia.

You can also find tarragon varieties in summer cottages: Svityaz, King of Herbs, Gribovchanin, Gvozdichny.

Simple rules for growing tarragon

  • Plot. For growing good and fragrant greens, choose a site that is sunny and well lit.
  • The soil. Tarragon develops best on light, fertile lands with good drainage. It is good to plant it in sandy loamy soil, and if the soil is heavy on the site, then you need to dilute it with peat and sand. This culture is very bad for acidic soils. You can correct the balance of acidity by adding dolomite flour, lime, oven ash or chalk.
  • Humidity. Culture does not tolerate excessive waterlogging. When choosing a site, it should be taken into account that in the lowlands the plant may die and choose elevated places for it.
  • Landing. Sowing is carried out based on the characteristics of the variety. Leave a gap of at least 30 cm between the holes. Some varieties of adult spices reach up to 150 cm in height.
  • Transplant update. Tarragon is a perennial, it can grow in one place for many years, because of this, its greens will become coarse and lose their taste. Updates every 5-7 years will help to avoid deterioration of the properties of the grass. Neighbors should be chosen for this individual undersized so that they do not obscure it with their greenery.

How to grow tarragon in a pot at home

  • Soil . Drainage from small pebbles or pebbles is laid out in a pot. We pour the prepared soil in the ratio: turf, sand, humus 1:1:1. You can also use the soil mixture for seedlings purchased in specialized stores.
  • Sowing . We sow seeds or lay germinated cuttings, rhizomes. Before sowing, we moisten the soil, spread the seeds and lightly sprinkle with soil. We tighten the film or cover it with transparent glass. It is necessary to make the effect of a greenhouse, with regular ventilation. With the advent of seedlings or rooting, the temperature is reduced to 17-20 ° C.
  • Lighting and temperature. The best location for the container with sprouts will be on the south side of the part of the house, on the sunny side, or provide additional lighting. The required temperature should be 22-24°C.
  • Watering. Spray seedlings should be watered periodically to avoid soil erosion and damage to seedlings. Watering is carried out 1-2 times a month, and irrigation is done several times a day.
  • Top dressing is carried out with complex fertilizers in the second year of life. Then make sure that no soil crust forms around the plant.
  • Pick . When the plants are well strengthened and release 3-4 true leaves, we leave the healthiest sprout, and remove the rest.Tarragon in a pot

Pests and diseases of tarragon

This culture is very resistant to diseases and pests, but ailments can also befall it.

Rust appears as brown pads. The plant withers and dries up. The reason for this may be thickening of plantings or excess nitrogen, the plant may also get sick due to spores carried. All diseased parts of the culture are cut and burned. It is necessary to carry out timely thinning.

Aphid

You can get rid of aphids by spraying plantings with an infusion of potatoes, onion peels or tobacco.

slobber penny

The spicy herb may be attacked by the leafhopper . These insects, and their larvae, suck the juice from the plant, after which the leaves die. Timely weeding will help in prevention. Get rid of this pest by pollinating fluffy lime, or remove damaged leaves.

Plantings can be protected from wireworms with the help of periodic loosening and liming.

Tarragon drink

Tarragon: growing from seeds in the open field

Ingredients:

  • 150 gr – sugar;
  • 200 ml – water;
  • 70 gr – tarragon greens, leaves;
  • 2 pcs. – lemon;
  • 2 pcs. – lime;
  • 1.5 l – carbonated water.

Cooking

Pour the sugar, pour water and on fire, bring to a boil. While the water is boiling, prepare the greens. Rinse in running water and chop the herbs. Turn off the boiled water and spread the chopped greens. Leave for about 1 hour. Next, you need to strain the broth and cool. Squeeze the juice from the lemon and lime, add to the bowl with the broth. Pour sparkling water into the same container.

Move everything and refrigerate. Serve the drink chilled.

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