Tips for gardeners and gardeners: secrets and tricks

tips for gardeners and gardeners secrets and tricks Blog

In this article, we have collected for you the most relevant tips and tricks from experienced gardeners and gardeners in Russia.

1. Watering with compost liquid

Every gardener has a compost heap on their property. How else to use compost as fertilizer for irrigation. Use an old water barrel. Place the barrel on a stand made of pallets or bricks on a sunny side. Poke a few small holes in the bottom and place a small container under them. Put grass clippings, weeds and leaves in the barrel. After a month or two, liquid fertilizer will begin to flow out of the barrel in the form of a dark, cloudy slurry. Use this concentrate for watering plants.

compost heap

2. Tops of tomatoes from pests

Pour the cut tops of tomatoes (stepchildren, lower leaves) with water. Insist for two days. The resulting solution can be sprayed on plants, for example: potatoes, cabbage, radish, radish, etc., as well as pumpkin plants, for example: cucumbers, zucchini, pumpkins. from insects and various pests. If the solution with tops is kept in water for more time, from a week or more, then you will get an excellent top dressing for any crop.

3. Delicious bait for slugs

How to get rid of slugs? This question torments many gardeners – gardeners. The following tip will help you solve this problem. So, lay out the peels from watermelon, melon or zucchini between rows in the garden for the night. This will serve as an excellent bait for slugs, from which they cannot resist. In the morning, all that remains is to collect all the crusts and throw them out with the slugs outside the site.

Slugs in the garden

4. How to water onions so that they are healthy

Good advice on how to achieve a good and healthy crop of onions sown from seeds. Many gardeners water onions only with water, without using additional dressings. Our advice is to water the onions alternately: with a weak solution of water with ash (1.5 cups of ash per 10 liters of water) and a very weak solution of potassium permanganate. After such an alternation, the onion becomes healthy, strong and juicy.

Ash

5. Homemade preparations – shelf life

Many do not think, and sometimes they simply do not know what the shelf life of prepared cans is. After 2-3 years, the properties of the workpiece deteriorate and it is no longer safe to use them. Therefore, it is necessary to know exactly when this or that preparation for the winter was made. On each jar, it is recommended to put the date of preparation, for example, write on the lid of the jar with a non-erasable marker. So you will know for sure until what year and month you need to use this blank or dispose of it. You can also sign the composition of the blank and who prepared it – in case you share it with family and friends.

Tomato blanks

6. How to save carrots until spring

You can save grown carrots until spring – the following tip will help you with this. Leave one or two beds of carrots undigged. Carefully cut off all the tops, fill the bed 10 cm from above with earth and leave it like that until spring. With the onset of spring, gently rake the ground with your hands (10 cm) and dig up the carrots. It will be fresh, juicy and delicious!

Carrot

7. Dry bench in any weather

How often have you had to wipe down a bench after rain to sit on it and enjoy the fresh air? I think most gardeners face this problem. The following tip will help you. Experienced gardeners have figured out how to solve this problem. It is necessary to make a folding bench, which will fold the back, and if not, then the seat folds. You can make this design with the help of loops. If no one is sitting on the bench, then the back is folded and the rain will not wet it. As the need arose, the back is folded up and fixed on the stop. If there is no backrest, make a seat from 2 halves connected by loops.

8. How to get rid of moles on the site

Moles dug up the whole area? Then the next tip is for you.

  • The first advice is to fill the mole passages with household and organic waste unpleasant for them, such as: pig or goat droppings, herring brine. A less humane way is also suitable – this is a solution of gasoline with water.
  • The second way is “noise attack”. Moles feel the vibration of air and earth very well. It is necessary to install metal rattles on a wormhole. A vibration will be transmitted from a turntable or rattle, which will be very annoying and thereby force the mole to “relocate” from your site.
  • The third way is to make a barrier in wormholes. To do this, we need branches of roses or gooseberries. The branches must be finely chopped and buried in all mole holes. Together with the branches, you can use solutions from tip number one. These barriers, combined with the smell, will drive the moles away from your site for a long time.
moles in the area

9. How to cut cabbage with a shovel – a little trick

Do you grow cabbage in your area? Then this tip is for you. Enterprising gardeners – gardeners have come up with a way to collect cabbage, namely how to cut it. This will require an old shovel, a hacksaw and a file, and a little time. So, in order: it is necessary to make a cutout in the form of a triangle in a shovel, from the edges to the center. Next, you need to sharpen the edges of the cutout with a file. As a result, we get a tool made from improvised means that will help you cut and collect cabbage from the garden.

cabbage in the garden

10. How to grow parsley at home in three hours

How nice it is when greens grown in your garden lie on the table. But it is not always fast, especially with parsley. This tip will help you get the first shoots of parsley seeds at home in three hours. For this we need: a tray with earth, water, quicklime, milk and parsley seeds. It is also recommended to observe the temperature regime in the room, not lower than 22-25 degrees. The first thing to do is to moisten the soil well. Then sprinkle with lime for an hour with an interval of 15 minutes. Parsley seeds must be soaked in milk in advance, for an hour or two. After that, you can plant the seeds in the prepared soil, and time it. Happy experimenting.

11. DIY trellis

In stores, we offer a huge number of tapestries, different sizes and types. But is it worth buying not always strong and short-lived tapestries, or will we still try to make it with our own hands? This instruction is suitable for those who do not like to overpay and are ready to do everything themselves. A small instruction for creating a trellis, the required dimensions and stages of work.

DIY trellis

Tapestry option: 180 × 70 cm. Cells 20 cm wide and 30 cm high. Wooden slats with a section of 30×20 mm are suitable for the frame. For the lattice – 4 slats 170 cm long and 7 slats 60 cm each. Connect the slats with screws, then you need to glue the junction. Fasten the stiffening grid between 2 frames. From above, install a horizontal bar that will fasten the frame and the grille. Before installation, cover the trellis with protective impregnation, for durability, and only after that with varnish.

12. Iodine to help the garden

Every gardener has heard about the benefits of iodine for seedlings. This advice is how to water with a solution of iodine so that the harvest is good and tasty. The first – at the stage of growing seedlings, for example tomatoes, it is necessary to water once with a solution of iodine with water. The solution is diluted in the ratio of two drops of iodine to five liters of water. After you water, you will notice that flower ovaries form faster, their number will increase. The leaves will be more branched.

In practice, the harvest on watered bushes is much larger and better, the fruits are larger up to 20 percent than in similar unwatered bushes. The second – after the seedlings are planted in a greenhouse or open ground, after about 2 weeks, it is necessary to water again with a solution of iodine with water. You need to water about a liter of solution under each bush. The ratio of iodine remains the same: 1-2 drops per 5 liters of water.

Top dressing of tomatoes with ash and iodine

13. Natural fragrant steam in the bath

The following advice is suitable for fans of baths and saunas. We will share the secret of how to make the bath more enjoyable, how to give the steam a fragrant smell of herbs and plants. Many gardeners have a bush of currants, mint or raspberries growing on their plot. Cherry, apple and pear leaves can be used. Nettle and chamomile are also suitable, if desired, wild flowers can be added. Pick one leaf from each bush and tree. Place the collected leafy “harvest” in a teapot and pour boiling water over it. Hold for half an hour, pour the broth into a ladle and pour over the stones in the bath or the fireplace in the sauna. This natural aroma of nature will add extra pleasure to the steaming process. In combination with steaming with oak or spruce brooms, you are guaranteed pleasure.

Happy steam to you!

14. Pine needles for pest control

What is the use of pine and spruce needles besides a pleasant aroma and “garbage” for the new year? We will share with you a “recipe” on how to use pine needles in the fight against pests such as: sucker, aphids. How to cultivate a garden and protect yourself from unexpected guests. We will need 2 kg of pine or spruce needles and a 10 liter bucket of water. This solution must be placed in a place protected from light for 10 days. Regularly, at least once a day, the solution must be stirred so that all useful elements remain in the water.

See also: septic tank for a summer residence with a high level of groundwater

After 10 days, the solution must be filtered from the needles and add water to a full bucket. To increase the effect of the solution, some gardeners add liquid soap to the resulting solution, in a ratio of 50 g per 10 liters of water. If there is not much time to prepare, you can make the solution faster.

pine needles

In this case, the ratio of needles to water is 1 kg per 1 liter of water. The resulting solution must be poured with boiling water and kept in a dark room for at least a day. Then strain and dilute in the ratio of 1 liter of solution to 5 liters of water, as the solution is very strong. After that, we also add liquid soap and proceed to spraying. It is better to spray in the evening, as experienced gardeners recommend.

15. How not to forget about gardening

Not all gardeners gardeners permanently live in country houses. Basically, most come for weekends, holidays or vacations. In such a rhythm, forgetting to do something or taking it with you to the country is easy. Therefore, a small life hack for those who still do not plan to work on the site, do not keep crop statistics and, in general, do not have a plan.

gardener's diary

Keeping records will not be difficult, even for the laziest. We take a regular diary, divide each page into 3 parts:

  • A trip to the cottage
  • Make at the cottage
  • Return from the cottage

Over time, you will get used to constant records and will start from the planned plan – what to take with you, what work to remember to do, what to take from the dacha to the apartment. Also learn to plan and eliminate repetitive unnecessary actions. In a few years, your diary will become a guide for the younger generation of summer residents, where invaluable experience and stages of your life outside the city will be collected.

16. How to keep strawberries and strawberries away from birds

The following tip will keep your strawberry and strawberry crop safe from birds. We all like the taste of strawberries and wild strawberries, birds, unfortunately, are no exception. In addition to taste, birds react to the color of these berries and are not averse to eating them. There is a folk remedy on how to protect your crop from birds. To do this, we need colored stones or old round jewelry, such as beads. If there is nothing suitable, you can use simple moisture-resistant red paint and pebbles.

Strawberry

As the berries bloom, place red-colored pebbles or decorations between the rows and under the leaves. Birds will certainly taste fake berries several times and be disappointed. When the time comes for a real harvest, their desire to feast on your site will disappear completely.

17. To prevent buckets from rusting

Buckets in the country are one of the most important tools for working in the garden. Galvanized buckets have a number of advantages over plastic ones, but unfortunately they quickly rust and take on a poor quality look. How to maintain or at least extend the life of buckets? Experienced gardeners recommend doing the following: solder a galvanized plate to the bottom of the bucket to strengthen the bottom and protect it from contact with the ground and wet surfaces. The use of buckets for carrying earth, sand and grout should also be avoided. The grains of sand work as an abrasive and peel off the galvanization. Do not leave buckets outside in the rain and during the morning dew.

18. Bird droppings to help – how to use

For fertilizing plants during planting, a very effective remedy is bird droppings. Any litter will do: chicken, pigeon. The main thing is not to forget that this is a very strong fertilizer and must be applied in a certain concentration. When you dig up the soil, the litter must be applied in proportions: no more than 500 per 1 m2. When the plants are planted, the litter is brought into specially prepared holes, about 12-15 grams per bush.

chicken manure

The most effective way to use bird droppings is as a liquid solution. It is necessary to breed litter in the ratio: 500 grams per 5 liters of water. If the litter is not fresh, then a proportion of 500 grams per 10 liters of water is possible. When pointing the solution, the litter should be mixed well and poured under the plants. Litter consumption: 1.5 liters per 1m2. After watering with droppings, the plant must be sprinkled with dry earth and watered. Do not store diluted solution, as it can ferment.

19. Necessary assortment of rakes

To help each gardener, we picked up a small assortment of rakes, for all occasions. Below is the arsenal of an experienced gardener.

rake

To level the ground, to loosen a large area, you will be helped by a “straight” ordinary rake, which is necessary for most cases. For processing flower beds and small dense shrubs, a rake 13-14 cm wide with rounded teeth is suitable. For cleaning the lawn from leaves and small debris, a fan rake is suitable. These rakes have a wide grip and thin rods that contribute to a good grip. A lawn rake is suitable for clearing grass clippings. Their design allows you to collect grass and hay without grabbing the ground or soil. The presence of a bracket across the bars holds the hay and prevents it from slipping.

20. How to burn garbage in wet weather

It is no secret that a large amount of garbage, the remains of foliage and branches remain in the suburban area. When it comes time to burn it, very often we face difficulties. Damp foliage and branches do not want to flare up. Garbage smolders, a lot of smoke, but no fire.

Another folk remedy will come to our aid. To do this, you need a simple red brick and ordinary kerosene. The brick must be dried in advance, just hold it in a warm place, not in the open air. After the brick has dried, it must be placed in a container with kerosene, at least for a day. Then remove the brick from the container and put it in the bag. So you save its combustible properties and protect others from the unpleasant smell of kerosene. When it’s time to burn the trash, place a brick in the center of the pile or incinerator and light it.

the fire

The brick will act as a burner. The burning effect is long and uniform. It will not be difficult to extinguish such a brick, just hold it under a stick to get a brick and a wet rag or earth to cover or cover the brick.

21. The blade of the old ax no longer flies

A very common problem when working with an old ax is when the blade flies off the ax handle. We all often saw how a neighbor knocks with an ax handle, trying to plant the blade deeper. But soon everything repeats itself, until the blade does not fly off at all. There is a way to help avoid this, thereby protecting yourself and others. Experienced summer residents know that it is necessary to put the ax in a container of water so that the blade of the ax hides for about a day. After such a procedure, the ax swells from water and the blade does not fly off for another 3-4 days. The same procedure is suitable for a hammer or sledgehammer.

22. How to evenly sow carrots

If you have ever sowed carrots, you probably know how inconvenient it is. Small seeds do not fall evenly into the holes of the rows, sometimes there are a lot of them, sometimes they are few. The following tip will help you sow your carrots evenly. We need an empty water bottle. It must first be dried well. Poke a few holes in the lid, a little larger than a carrot seed. Pour in the seeds, close the lid and start sowing carrots like salt. This method will help save seeds and avoid unnecessary crop density.

sow carrots

23. Planting stakes for cuttings

When planting seedlings, it is necessary to choose the correct depth of the pit. If the seedlings are not planted deeply, the roots may freeze and not receive the necessary moisture. If, on the contrary, it is very deep, then there are risks of the death of the tree from an excess of moisture. When planting, measuring stakes are often used to help determine the required, optimal level. In advance, stick a prepared stake, about a meter long, into the dug hole. Tie the seedling tightly to it. The beginning of the trunk should be at ground level. Then you can cover the roots with soil and water. After the seedling has “taken in” and begins to grow, the stakes can be removed. This method helps to maintain the exact level of planting and the successful growth of trees.

24. The tool does not blunt and does not grind

Every gardener dreams of a quality tool that does not dull or grind off. A tool that is a pleasure to work with. But unfortunately now there are a lot of fakes on the market, the quality is not the same … This advice will help you get the former quality and comfort from the tool.

When sharpening, the tool must be pre-treated with a solution of common salt. the solution can be used weak, the effect will be all the same. This method is known to many experienced gardeners who use it everywhere. Salt solution is used in proportion: one tablespoon of salt per one glass of boiled water. The water temperature for the solution is approximately 30-40 degrees. The part of the tool to be sharpened must be entirely in the solution. Leave the tool for a few hours and then start sharpening. After this procedure, the tool becomes more hardened, less prone to damage and retains the quality of sharpness longer.

25. Seeds in a glass of citrus

This method for planting seeds was suggested to us by our reader. How to plant at home on a budget, beautifully and with benefits for seeds. The idea is simple: use an orange or lemon peel as a container for seedlings. Carefully remove the inside of the citrus, fill it with earth and plant the seeds in it. Firstly, it is useful, the seeds will be fed from the zest and take additional substances and trace elements. Secondly, it’s very beautiful. Third, it’s very cost effective.

seedlings in orange peel

26. Disinfection of seeds before sowing

How to disinfect seeds before sowing, how to reduce infection with pathogens? The answer, as always, is simple: treat the seeds with hydrogen peroxide. This type of processing has been used for a long time. Previously, potassium permanganate was used for processing, but now this method is less common.

SO, WHAT WILL HYDROGEN PEROXIDE GIVE US, HOW TO USE IT IN PROCESSING AND WHAT WILL BE THE RESULTS?

The processed seeds improve sowing qualities, immunity of seeds and subsequently plants amplifies. Growth rates and quality of a crop amplify. To improve sowing properties, the seeds are soaked in a hydrogen peroxide solution for half a day, more difficult to germinate crops are soaked for a day. A half percentage solution of peroxide is used. To be sure to disinfect the seeds, they are treated with a ten percent peroxide solution for 30 minutes, in a ratio of one to one. After all the procedures, the seeds must be washed well in boiled water, dried and started sowing.

27. High bed of cinder blocks

For the construction of beds often use improvised materials and ready-made building materials. For men, this will not be a big deal, but women sometimes face some difficulties, especially when building high beds. Cinder blocks can help you with this. These blocks are light in weight, with good dimensions that are necessary for construction. Also, cinder blocks are suitable if you want to somehow beat your beds in a decorative way, since cinder blocks have side holes that can also be used for planting. These blocks are inexpensive and will allow you to build a bed of any size.

cinder block bed

28. How to protect trees in winter from hares and mice

A common problem for summer residents in the winter are rodents. Hares and mice are not averse to eating young tree bark. To combat rodents, there are many ways, for example: overlay tree trunks with spruce branches, wrap with netting netting, paste over with foil, etc.

But there are simpler and less labor-intensive methods that gardeners do not often use in everyday life, although sometimes they are more useful. It turns out that hares do not tolerate a number of smells that scare them away. For example: the smell of mothballs or fish oil. Hang bags of mothballs on the lower branches, and thus you can protect yourself from uninvited guests. You can also smear the trunk of the tree with fat and this tool will also scare away the “eared”.

29. Mini greenhouse for greens and seedlings

Sometimes you need to create a mini greenhouse at home, on the windowsill, but how to do it? The answer is simple and an ordinary plastic bottle will help us with this. If you want to grow seeds faster than outdoors, albeit on a windowsill, this method is for you. It is necessary to choose an empty plastic bottle according to the size of the pot in which we will grow the seeds. Next, cut off the neck where the bottleneck ends and cover our mini greenhouse. Everything is very easy and simple!

greenhouse on the windowsill

30. How to make peppers set new fruits

In this tip, we will consider a common problem and its solution, namely, the pepper bloomed on time, the fruits began to set, but there were no new flowers. As a rule, there will be no harvest with such symptoms or it will not be very soon. The advice is to cut off all the ovaries if there are no new buds after the first ovaries. You may think that we are crazy, but in practice this method has repeatedly shown its usefulness. Experienced gardeners and gardeners note the fact that after such a ruthless procedure, pepper blooms better than before and gives an even better harvest. If this is the first time you have encountered such a problem and are afraid of our advice, try to do as we say with one bush. The result will not be long in coming, literally in 2 weeks the pepper should give even more buds than it was before. The choice is yours,

31. A new look at watering

In many plants, such as squash, the root system is very deep. This fact can interfere with the qualitative development of the plant due to lack of moisture. You can water the plants abundantly, but the result remains the same, the moisture does not reach the roots. Plastic bottles or containers come to the rescue in this problem, in which you can make several holes at the bottom and bury them next to the bushes. The main thing is not to forget to leave a neck on the surface, our “underground watering cans” for filling with water.

32. Diapers to help growers

Have you ever thought about using diapers for gardening, gardening or flower work? But there were enterprising flower growers who found a use for diapers. The advice is to use diapers as a material to retain moisture in flower pots. They are placed on the bottom of the pot, thereby keeping the moisture in the flower longer. At the same time, the roots of the flower do not rot from an excess of moisture, as with overflow. This method is very well used when growing annual flowers. A particularly effective way if you rarely visit your country house or apartment, and you need to water the flowers regularly.

diapers

33. Coffee filters for flower pots

Regularly, when watering flowers, part of the earth with useful minerals flows out along with water. How to prevent this, how to keep the soil in the pot? Filters that are used in coffee machines come to our aid. Gauze is also suitable, not very dense. These materials must be laid on the bottom of the pot, thereby retaining precious soil, while water will flow out, as in a coffee machine. This method is suitable for home flowers.

We hope that our selection of tips was useful to you and you can put a lot of things into practice. And if you have your own secrets or tricks, please share them in the comments to this article.

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