Watering the garden – how to water tomatoes and cucumbers correctly

watering the garden how to water tomatoes and cucumbers correctly Blog

In the coming summer days, if dry weather persists, the gardener has to pay a lot of attention to watering in the country. And it’s not that easy, if you think about it.

Who in the beds needs watering?

The need for vegetable plants in water is different. Gardeners know that cabbage, lettuce, radishes, tomatoes and, of course, cucumbers are more than others to drink water. And all because their weak root system lies shallow, and the leaves actively evaporate moisture.

It is much easier for root crops that penetrate deep into the soil – they are not watered so often. But when growing beets, carrots, radishes, it is necessary to regulate their water supply. So, at the time of the formation of root crops, they need a lot of moisture, but not in excess, so that the root crops do not rot, and the lack of water turns into their woodiness. Irrigation rate for potatoes and other root vegetables is 15-20 l/m2.

Without watering, you will not grow either cucumbers or cabbage. Large breaks in watering cucumbers and tomatoes lead to the dropping of flowers and ovaries, and the fruits form bitter and ugly. An approximate calculation is as follows: 20-30 l / m2 1-2 times a week, and on hot days additional refreshing watering.

Cabbage is watered as soon as seedlings are planted. Watering is stopped 2-3 weeks before harvesting the forks.

Onions and garlic require little water. But in the first weeks after sowing and during the period of mass regrowth of the feather and the formation of bulbs, watering is necessary. How much water do onions and garlic need at this time? So much so that at a depth of 20-30 cm the earth is moist, but without excess.

Pumpkins, beans, melons, tomatoes, carrots can be watered less often; they themselves are able to extract moisture from the soil and use it economically.

Until mid-July, our vegetables on the site need to be watered often. Then there will be no shooting at turnips, radishes, radishes, beets and the same onions. At the same time, excess moisture in the second half of summer significantly reduces the yield of onions and carrots.

It is important to know what kind of soil to water: carefully, if the beds are near buildings and fences; clayey – not too often, because it retains moisture well, sandy, permeable – systematically. If watering is combined with loosening, and then the soil is mulched, moisture will last longer.

Watering vegetables outdoors

There are several ways of watering: from a watering can – it is convenient to water seeds and seedlings with it, if possible, with a nozzle from small holes; from a hose – but so as not to damage the plant, do not wash them out of the soil, therefore it is better along the aisles.

Some gardeners also use this method: they take an empty plastic bottle, stick it vertically into the ground of the ridge to a depth of 10 cm, then take out this bottle, shake it so that the earth that closes the hole flies out, fill it with water, and insert it neck down into the prepared hole. Then they shake out the earth again and again insert it upside down. Water slowly seeps into the soil, and gardeners calmly leave home from the site until the weekend. Do-it-yourself 15 such mini-sprinklers are installed on a five-meter ridge with their own hands.

On hot sunny days, vegetables are best watered in the evening. Care must be taken not to get water on the leaves to avoid sunburn. Spraying or refreshing watering spend hours from 11 am, it is useless to water in the morning, because the moisture will quickly evaporate in the sun. It is better to water cucumbers at 16 o’clock, so that before nightfall, when the air temperature drops, the roots, sensitive to this change, have time to absorb moisture.

If there is a need to save water, it is necessary to systematically weed out the weeds with your own hands, loosen and, most importantly, mulch the soil. As a mulch, a plastic or matte film is used, not forgetting to make holes in it for air and rain to enter. Peat, rotted manure, peat manure compost, mowed grass are traditionally good mulches.

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