Whitecurrant is not very popular compared to its “companions” (red and black). However, gardeners appreciate them not only for their excellent taste, but also for their luxurious appearance, which makes every garden a source of pride and aesthetic pleasure. Almost all white currants are resistant to any disease, but some of them are especially important. Today we will talk about the best varieties of white currant for the Moscow region and the Urals.
The subtleties of choosing white currants
White currants are known to be extremely healthy berries that do not require special care. But if you want to grow healthy and productive blueberries in your garden, there are a few things you need to know about choosing the right variety.
Currant for the Moscow region
The climate of the Moscow region is temperate continental, with moderately frosty winters and relatively warm, often rainy summers. In the northern and northwestern parts of the region, less clayey or partially clayey soils predominate, rather heavy, with excessive moisture. Growing blueberries on such soils will require a significant amount of organic fertilizers and frequent liming of the soil.
In the east of the region, the soils are completely different: they are represented by peat bogs, and groundwater is very close. The soil itself is not very fertile and will require careful maintenance when growing currants.
In the southern part of the Moscow region, the soil is much better and also much warmer. For the most part, these are soda-forage soils.
Tip. When choosing a variety suitable for growing in the Moscow region, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the climate and soil in a particular area.
It should be noted that in this region, in principle, almost any variety of white currant can survive, but it is better to give preference to those that can withstand extreme heat and excessive soil moisture.
Currant for the Urals
Here the situation is somewhat more complicated, since the Ural region differs significantly in climatic conditions from the Moscow region. In general, the climate of the Urals is considered polar. Therefore, when choosing a suitable currant variety, one should be guided primarily by the winter hardiness of the crop, its resistance to diseases and growth rates. Late-flowering and long-yielding varieties will not work.
Speaking of productivity: white currant, regardless of the variety, gives impressive yields. Therefore, this should not be a criterion for selecting a suitable variety. Experience shows that the yield of white currants largely depends on the quality of plant care in each individual case.
The best varieties of white currant for the Urals and Moscow region
To attention, the choice of varieties of white currant is best suited for growing in the Moscow region:
- Boulogne White. A popular “French” variety on the southern outskirts of Moscow. The berries are small in size, which is more than offset by the original taste of the dessert. The yield of this variety is quite “modest”, only about 4.5 kg per plant. Care must be taken to avoid damage by anthracnose and frost, as Boulogne White suffers from both of these factors.
- Dessert. An excellent early ripe variety of white currant bred by German breeders. The fruits are round, yellow in color and of considerable size (berry weight is about 1-1.5 g). The plant is a semi-dwarf small shrub, from which, with proper care, you can collect about 5 kg of fruit. It has a wonderful dessert taste with piquant sourness.
- White Fairy (Diamond). Early ripe variety with abundant yields (up to 6 kg of delicious berries per plant). The bush is quite compact and very branched. Its berries are white and large (some specimens weigh up to 3 g).
- Bayan. Wonderful tall bushes, up to 10 kg of small sweet berries with a characteristic sour taste. This variety can survive in almost any climate. Housewives love to use this variety for making all kinds of marmalades, because button accordion berries become jelly-like during processing (thanks to pectin).
In the Ural region, you should pay attention to another, but no less high-quality variety:
- Ural White. This variety, with proper care, will be satisfied with a large harvest (about 5.5 kg per currant bush). The berries are large in size and excellent in taste. Gardeners note its remarkable resistance to various diseases, as well as to cold. Among the features of care is the need for frequent and abundant watering, otherwise the berries will gradually shrink.
- Versailles. Practically a “pioneer” among white currant varieties. Opened in the 19th century. Very compact shrub, low height. Versailles currant gives no more than 3 kg of berries from one plant, but it is incredibly tasty. In addition, blueberries contain a huge amount of vitamin C – about 60 mg per 100 g.
- Smolyaninovskaya. Mid-season variety. The bushes of the plant are powerful, branched. Currants, with proper care, can produce a record 8-9 kg of fruit from one bush. The fruits are heterogeneous in size, but have the same sweet and sour taste, which received the highest score of 5 tasting points. This variety is ideal for the cold Ural climate, and is also very resistant to all diseases.
So, our article is over. You learned about the intricacies of choosing a white currant variety, as well as about the best varieties for growing in the Moscow region and the Urals. Good luck!